African Mango Or Irvingia Gabonensis

Irvingia gabonensis is known common names wild sometimes, an African species of the genus Irvingia, African Mango Mango, Mango-Bush, Dika or Ogbono. They bear edible mango-like fruit and are prized for their fat-and protein-rich nuts. Dika, grows spontaneously in the jungle canopy, Gallery and semi-deciduous forests. Grows at an altitude of 200-500 m with an annual rainfall of 1200-1500 mm. Supported temperature varies between 20° and 38° C under a very bright and clear sky is slightly shaded. Deep soils, with more than 150 cm (59 inches) are required with moderate fertility and good drainage. Ph varies from 4. 5-7.5. It relies on a height of 3 metres (9 ft. 8). The outer bark is smooth, flaky with grey to yellow-gray. The Crown is dense, Evergreen and spherical. The leaves are elliptic, a margin is often a bit rounder than the other, sharp point, black, green and shiny on the rise. The flowers are yellow to greenish white color in small panicles. The flowers are bisexual. The fruit is nearly spherical, green with a bright orange to pulp. The stone is Woody and contains a single seed. Seedlings germinate epigeally. Seeds are dispersed by vertebrate animals as elephants and gorillas. The propagation and regeneration of Dika is reduced by reducing the number of these animals and planting human-dependent. The porridge was also used to prepare the black dye for staining of tissue. The fruit is only a small resource than to posterity. The episperma which fruit has broken open to get the seeds. Seeds, also known as Dika nuts, were eaten raw or roasted. However, they are above all the butter suggested, or a block of chocolate. Seeds can be pressed to produce an edible oil (solid at room temperature) or margarine, used for cooking. Oil can be treated using SOAP, cosmetics african mango or irvingia gabonensis or medicines. The cake can be used as feed for livestock or as a thickener for soup. Seeds can be ground or crushed and used as a thickener and flavoring in soups and stews. Polysaccharides of slime, which is more viscous with cooking and called the ability to punch caused. Can be transformed into a cake called Dika bread for preservation. Various medical applications are mainly from the bark and leaves. It serves as a laxative conditions gastrointestinal and liver Hernias and urethra or wounds and sores. The wood is very hard and connections used usually for heavy work, making the ship or rail bridges. The trees are used in agroforestry systems in the shadow of other cultures, such as cocoa and coffee. They are also used to reduce erosion. The city began to shade of streets as windbreaks or embellishment. Thousands of tons of seeds of Dika are traded each year. This occurs mostly in Africa, but exports began in the United States. As a coffee harvest, Dika produces income. One small blind against placebo-controlled released in 2005 shows that irvingia i. resulted in greater weight loss and improvement in blood test result in obese human subjects compared to a placebo. According to the study, the significant reduction that occurred on weight, waist, hips and systolic blood pressure in subjects taking Irvingia compared with placebo. Loss in this study was in spite of the significant reduction in weight body fat percentage. This indicates that the weight lost in adipocytes and slim body mass and that these losses were proportional to the original compositions of the body. An additional clinical study published in 2009 reported loss of weight loss and body fat percentage. They also contain the seeds of Irvingia gabonensis traces of thiamin, riboflavin and niacin. The approximate composition of fatty acids is 33-70% Laureic% 20-59 myristic acid acid, oleic acid, 1-2% 11% Palmitic acid and stearic acid 1%. Amino acids are relatively balanced content for human consumption. Phenylalanine, tryptophan, valine, threonine, lysine, isoleucine have been charged in the seeds, are the first acid, limiting amino acids methionine and cysteine. SPP in contrast with some other mash. Irvingia who consumes the flesh of the fruit of Irvingia gabonensis, juicy and sweet to the taste and fresh. Nutritional value per 100 g of edible portion of the fruit pulp, which is equivalent to 255 kJ of energy: energy:. Fruit flavor meat contains Zingiberene and α-Curcumene, ethyl and methyl cinnamic acid ester and Dodecanal Dodecane. This corresponds to an earthy taste, spicy, fruity, wine yeast. They weren't planted, believing, for 15 years, until a tree that bears fruit. Even if they were not planted, their presence is high, because they were also rarely involved. In a plantation with layers (air layering plants) Florisation has been observed in two to four years after planting. In tests pointed out that they have three to five years after planting. The ripe fruit of green phase and between 26 and 29° C were acquired in color and texture for those who naturally matured they preferred the tree. The seeds are extracted mainly from the hand brake episperma. Various techniques are common in different countries. Sometimes the seeds from fresh fruits are harvested, sometimes allows to ferment in the Sun. All these techniques are very time consuming. This genetic material could then plant and farmers welfare with improved plant material. Farmers could be promoted in the culture. Future breeding goals are: several fields-fruit several times during the year, the early-fruiting Share fruit in his younger years,-nuts which release the seeds themselves and the good form of dwarfism is particularly appreciated, as the harvest makes it easy. The invention of a device, nut cracking would help further the spread of a tree. A selection of fitness for the drawing, which could be used by food technology, it seems likely to ,.